87. trip: Sedlec, K.Hora, Žďár, Litomyšl, Hr. Králové – UNESCO

Visit the monuments inscribed on the UNESCO Heritage List, on which the Czech Republic has 12 monuments in total.
Visit Kutná Hora with St. Barbara’s Cathedral, the Cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary and the pilgrimage site Zelená hora, and Litomyšl chateau.

  • see the unique ossuary in Sedlec
  • visit the Cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary in Sedlec
  • walk through the historical part of Kutná Hora
  • visit St. Barbara’s Cathedral
  • visit the remarkable Church of St. Jacob from the 12th century
  • visit the pilgrimage Church of St. Jan of Nepomuk in Zelená Hora
  • visit the castle in Žďár nad Sázavou
  • visit Litomyšl chateau
  • see the city Hradec Králové
  • monuments inscribed in UNESCO in 1992, 1994, 1995 and 2002

You will get to know the part of the World Heritage UNESCO, the historical part of Kutná Hora, the cathedrals in Sedlec and Kutná Hora, unique ossuary in Sedlec, you will visit the pilgrimage site in Zelená Hora and see the castle in Žďár nad Sázavou, the chateau in Litomyšl and the city Hradec Králové.

SCHEDULE
Duration of the trip 2 days
UNESCO
DAY 1
DAY 2
Departure from Prague: 8.00 am
Departure to Litomyšl: 9.00 am
visit of Sedlec ossuary and cathedral
 breakfast in the guesthouse
visit of town Kutná Hora and St. Barbara’s Cathedral
visit of Litomyšl
visit of Church of St. Jacob
visit of the chateau in Litomyšl
lunch in a local restaurant
lunch in a local restaurant
visit of Zelená Hora
visit of Hradec Králové including refreshments
 visit of castle in Žďár n. S.
accommodation in a local guesthouse
dinner in a local restaurant
End of Day 1 around 7.00 pm
End of Day 2 around 5.30 pm

The ossuary in Sedlec. According to the tradition, the abbot of Sedlec monastery, Henry, brought a handful of soil from the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem in the 13th century. He dispersed it on the monastery cemetery and it became so called Holy Field. The soil became the part of the Holy Land so a lot of people were buried here, not only from Bohemia, but also from Poland, Bavaria and Belgium.

Formerly two-nave chapel, constructed above a cellar, was the creation of the workers of Vaclav IV, summoned to finish the construction of the Italian Court. Its today look is the result of baroque renovations conducted by J. Santini in the beginning of the 18th century.

The chapel interior is quite remarkable. The decoration is made almost entirely of human bones. František Rint, the chapel carver, made the necessary changes to the former bone decorations. All the bones were sanitized before use.

This building has been constructed as a reminder of the fact that human life is transient and death permanent.


The historical center of Kutná Hora with late gothic cathedral of St. Barbara and the Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary in Sedlec represents uniquely preserved medieval urban structure with gothic, renaissance and baroque houses.

Despite all the modern changes the cathedral in Sedlec along and other building form an excellent set, which was insribed on the UNESCO Heritage List along with the Cathedral of St. Barbara and other important structures.

The Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary was constructed between 1282 and 1320 as a cathedral with a gallery and a set of chapels. April 21, 1421 the church and the cathedral fell to the attack of the Hussites and burned down. It waited a long time for a renovation.

It was a remarkable architect of Czech baroque period, Jan Blažej Santini, who played the most important part here. An innovative style, which has been applied especially in the cathedral (so called baroque gothic) is unique in all Europe and connects both styles in interesting unity.


The Church of St. Jacob was built in the romanic architectural style and is located above the river Klejnárka, in the middle of a spacious square of village Jakub (nowadays part of Církvice). It was built in the 12th century and is one of a kind in the Czech Republic.

The church has a rectangular nave ended with apses and distinctly tall tower at the west end. The south side is the most remarkable, as it is richly decorated with romanic sculptures. This decoration is the biggest preserved set of romanic sculptures in the country.

In 1145, a man called Slavibor, from Švabenice, took part in raiding a party of the Bishop of Olomouc, Jindřich Zdík. The founding of the church was a way to remove the curse placed on him, and the person responsible for the beginning of the construction was Mary, widow after Slavibor. The first evidence of the church founding is from 1165, in a writing from Bishop Daniel I.


The extraordinary building of the pilgrimage Church of St. Jan of Nepomuk originated thanks to the cooperation of the two important men – the abbot of the Žďár monastery, Václav Vejmluva, and the genius architect Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel. The impulse behind the construction of the church was the reveal of preserved tissue in the grave of Jan of Nepomuk in St. Vitus Cathedral in 1719. A legend says that the priest gave his life for keeping a confession secret of queen Žofie. The church has a plan of a five-pointed rose.

It is said that on a surface of the Vltava river, where Jan of Nepomuk drowned, a crown made of five stars appeared. This symbol appears also in lot of parts of the church. The area can be accessed by five entrances, in the temple there are five chapels with five altars. The church of Zelená hora has become one of the most visited pilgrimage site of the baroque era. However the object fell into disrepair and waited for reconstruction until the 1970’s and 1980’s. In 1994 the object was inscribed on the UNESCO Heritage List.


Ždár nad Sázavou chateau, the former monastery of the Cistercians.

You will visit the most interesting places connected with an extraordinary architect Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel. You will get to know the life of the Cistercian monks, you will enter the personal house of an abbot a prelature, you will visit the Basilica of the Assumption of Virgin Mary and St. Nicholas, you will visit the dormitories of the monks – a convent, you will see the well chapel and former hatcheries from the 13th century.


The representative renaissance chateau of Litomyšl, built by Vratislav of Pernštejn in 1568-1581, was constructed at the place of a former Slavic fortress and the border castle of Slavníkovci family, rebuilt in the 15th century by Kostka from Postupice.

After the death of the last member of Pernštejn family in 1646, the Trauttmansdorffs became the new proprietors of the chateau. It was in this time when it was renovated in Baroque style. In 1753 the chateau changed hands yet again, now to the Waldstein-Wartenberg family, who made the last important changes. After a big fire (1775), they also built a chateau theatre in  the years 1796-1797. In 1855, the chateau was purchased in a public auction by the Thurn-Taxis family, who owned the property until the end of World War II.

In 1962 the  chateau was declared National Cultural Monument, for its artistic and historical value and also as a tribute to Czech national composer Bedřich Smetana, who was born on March 2, 1824 in the chateau brewery. Bedřich Smetana composed, besides others, the world-known Symphonic Poem, VLTAVA, which is part of the Poem cycle MÁ VLAST.

The chateau in Litomyšl was inscribed on the UNESCO Heritage List in 1999.


The area around Hradec Králové was inhabited as early as in the prehistoric times. Archaeologists conclude that the site at the confluence of Labe and Orlice was inhabited in Roman Period as well.

In 1225, the castle along with the market forecastle became the free royal city. During the rest of the 13th century, new gothic castle was constructed here and it quickly became a favourite place for the Premyslids. At the times of Vaclav II., Hradec was part of the dowry of Bohemian queens, who lived here also as widows.

The reputation of Hradec gradually rose and the city grew richer in the 14th century. In regards to the importance and the population, it was the second most important city in Bohemia, just after Prague. The material proof of this is the construction of the Church of the Holy Spirit from the beginning of the 14th century.

The period of the Thirty-Years War was a catastrophe for the city. Swedish attacks cost a lot on a tributes, but there were also losses in the suburbs and a lot of the buildings and monuments from earlier times were destroyed. Populous districts were changed to wastelands by the attacks and fires.

In 1864, world famous piano factory Antonín Petrof was founded.

In 1866, a war between Austria and Prussia was decided in front of the city’s gates. After that, the existence of the fortress was regarded as purposeless.

After the founding of the free state of Czechoslovakia on October 28, 1918, the new era of development was also brought to this city. It was a famous time, during which the modern urbanistic look was formed here, thanks to the influence of the mayor Ulrich and the architect Prof. Josef Gočár.

The historical center of the city was declared a Conservation Area.


Price of the trip 326,- Eur / person


– more or less than 4 persons – individual calculation

– If you require a guide, specify it and we will prepare individual price calculation.

  • On all the sights local guides are available and if they can’t speak in your requested language, prepared texts in your language will be provided.
    And of course, we will provide basic information about the trip, sights, and the Czech Republic in written form, possibly accompanied by audio recordings.

Organizer TA Pavlína Fulnečková  https://www.grandafrika.cz/

Source:

Kostnice Sedlec http://ossuary.eu/index.php/cz/fotogalerie-kostnice
Katedrála Sedlec http://ossuary.eu/index.php/cz/fotogalerie
Kutná Hora http://www.kutnahora.cz/index.php?sec=153&cid=167&scs=153
Chrám Sv. Barbory http://www.kutnahora.cz/index.php?sec=3&cid=61&scs=3
Kamenná kašna http://www.kutnahora.cz/index.php?sec=3&cid=65
Morový sloup http://www.kutnahora.cz/index.php?sec=3&cid=70&scs=3
Kostel sv. Jakuba http://ossuary.eu/index.php/cz/fotogalerie-jakub
Zelená Hora http://www.zelena-hora.cz/cz/fotovideo-galerie
Žďár nad Sázavou http://www.zdarns.cz/cestovni-ruch/fotogalerie
Zámek Litomyšl http://www.zamek-litomysl.cz/fotogalerie/
Město Litomyšl http://www.litomysl.cz/?id_str=1311054977417
Hradec Králové http://www.hradeckralove.org/search.php?action=results&query=foto+galerie&x=7&y=6